Surgery Protocol

Our state-of-the-art surgical suite with the most modern equipment provides for the performance of a wide variety of surgical procedures, including spay/neuters and feline declaws.

When you book your surgery, you will be given a handout that will outline the procedures you will need to follow before bringing your cat to the clinic the morning of surgery. You are also able to drop your cat off the night prior if you are unable to bring him or her in the morning of surgery. You will also get a call the day before to remind of your cats surgery appointment.  Your cat may need to stay overnight after surgery depending on the type of surgery and condition of your cat upon recovery.

Prior to surgery, each patient receives a thorough physical examination to identify any existing medical conditions that might endanger your pet's health. Because not all problems can be detected on examination, all patients undergo pre-anesthetic blood testing prior to the day of surgery. These tests not only give us a more complete picture of your pet's health, but also allow us to tailor an anesthetic regimen that is specific for your pet.

Anesthesia and Monitoring during surgery

Anesthesia, patient monitoring, and pain management may vary between clinics. The cost of anesthesia and anesthesia monitoring is usually more expensive when thorough safety measures are performed. We use the safest anesthesia based on your cat's breed, age, health, and the procedure performed.

 All our surgeries have intravenous fluids during their procedure.  By administering IV fluids, we are able to support an appropriate blood pressure which ensures adequate blood perfusion to the major organs  and we have immediate venous access to administer additional pain medication should it be required and, more rarely, appropriate drug  therapies  for emergencies.

 During surgery, we use state-of-the-art monitoring equipment, such as blood pressure monitors to monitor your pet's vital signs and other machines to measure heart rate, respiratory rate and temperature. The anesthetized patients are closely monitored by our certified technician.  Following anesthesia is an important time for monitoring too and we make sure your cat receives the needed attention during this time. Monitoring these vital signs allows us to intervene earlier and prevent anesthetic risk to your cat. We administer pain medication as needed to keep the cats as comfortable as possible.

Soft tissue and Orthopedic Surgery

The most common soft tissue surgeries performed at the Downtown Toronto Cat Clinic are:

  • Mass or lump removal - the earlier you remove them  and diagnose the type of mass, the better your cat's chances are for a longer and happier life
  • Lacerations – cuts and wounds – are also common in cats, and suturing (stitching) them reduces the chance of infection and improves healing time 
  • Cystotomies-removal of stones from the bladder
  • Orthopedic surgery for fractured bones-  complicated cases are performed by an orthopedic surgeon who will perform the surgery in our clinic

Pain management and control

Of course pain management is of great concern to you as a cat owner. Your cat can't tell you when he or she is in pain, but you often know when there's a problem.

As in human medicine, we have a variety of medications available to manage your cat's pain both before and after surgery and in the event of trauma or age-related pain issues.

We'd be glad to discuss the options available to you and your cat.


Ultrasonography or ultrasound is a diagnostic imaging technique similar to radiography (X-rays) and is usually used in conjunction with radiography and other diagnostic measures. It allows visualization of the deep structures of the body.  Ultrasound can be used for a variety of purposes including examination of the cat's heart, kidneys, liver, digestive tract, and other internal organs.

Sound waves are emitted from the transducer and directed into the body where they are bounced off the various organs to different degrees depending on the density of the tissues and amount of fluid present. The sounds are then fed back through the transducer and are reflected on a viewing monitor. Ultrasound is a painless procedure with no known side effects and does not involve radiation.

At the Downtown Toronto Cat Clinic we diagnose heart murmurs in cats frequently. We recommend that every cat with a heart murmur even if the cat is having no clinical signs have a cardiac ultrasound.  This is preventative medicine so that we can prolong your cat’s life and treat the disease early before symptoms occur.

We have an internal medicine specialist that will do all our ultrasounds in our clinic.



Radiology (x-rays) is routinely used to provide valuable information about a pet’s bones, gastrointestinal tract (stomach, intestines, colon), respiratory tract (lungs), heart, and genitourinary system (bladder, prostate). It can be used alone or in conjunction with other diagnostic tools to provide a list of possible causes for a pet’s condition, identify the exact cause of a problem or rule out possible problems.


Our in-house laboratory facilities provide for hematology, urinalysis and internal parasite testing. We also utilize commercial veterinary laboratories for specialized diagnostics and consultations.